What is taping and strapping in physiotherapy?

Taping and strapping involve the application of specialised adhesive materials to support, stabilize, or restrict movement in particular body areas. These techniques are frequently used for the treatment of sports injuries, postural corrections, joint stability, and pain alleviation. The adhesives used for stitching and strapping are flexible, breathable, and hypoallergenic, ensuring patient comfort while providing the necessary support.

Taping and Strapping Applications in Physiotherapy:

Taping and strapping techniques can be used to provide additional support and stability to injury-prone areas such as the ankles, knees, and shoulders. This reduces the risk of injury during sports and physical activity.

Taping and strapping can effectively relieve pain and reduce edoema caused by acute or chronic injuries or conditions. The compression and support provided by the tape or harness aid in inflammation control and tissue healing.

Taping and strapping techniques can aid in the correction of improper postures and the improvement of alignment. These techniques realign joints and muscles by applying tension in specific directions, fostering optimal posture and movement patterns.

Taping and strapping provide proprioceptive feedback to the body, thereby enhancing joint stability and neuromuscular control. This is especially beneficial for those recuperating from ligament sprains or joint instability.


Supporting Evidence for Taping and Strapping:

Multiple studies have demonstrated the efficacy of taping and strapping techniques:

  1. According to a systematic review published in the British Journal of Sports Medicine, taping and bracing substantially reduce the risk of ankle sprains in high-risk sport athletes.
  2. According to research published in the Journal of Orthopaedic & Sports Physical Therapy, taping techniques for patellofemoral pain syndrome (knee pain) provided immediate pain alleviation and enhanced functional performance.
  3. In a study published in the American Journal of Sports Medicine, taping techniques for shoulder impingement syndrome patients were found to substantially reduce pain and improve functional outcomes.
  4. According to research published in the Journal of Physiotherapy, taping and strapping techniques effectively reduce pain and increase function in patients with acute and chronic low back pain.

Note: Taping and strapping techniques have become valuable physiotherapy instruments, providing a variety of advantages for injury management, pain relief, postural correction, and joint stability. These techniques provide support, stability, and proprioceptive feedback to enhance functional outcomes and facilitate the healing process. Taping and strapping continue to be extensively utilised in physiotherapy practise, as supported by research findings. To ascertain the most appropriate taping or strapping technique for an individual’s specific condition, it is essential to consult with a qualified healthcare professional.


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